Argument by authority

And it's not necessarily aimed at winning the day. Cliche Thinking and Argument By Slogan are useful adjuncts, particularly if you can get the audience to chant the slogan. But time will be the judge.

Appeal to Authority

When I pointed this out, he replied that I shouldn't have had such a confusing picture. Therefore, they must know nothing, and their entire field of knowledge is "in crisis" or does not properly exist at all.

In the Christian tradition, there has been a balanced appreciation both of the value of authority as well as of the fact that the truth transcends the person who speaks. However, viewers need to be aware of this tendency. What counts as a legitimate area of expertise is sometimes difficult to determine.

Certain areas in which a person may claim expertise may have no legitimacy or validity as areas of knowledge or study. The reason for this is that for some people, the authorities in question or even authority in itself is suspect. Or, the claim "Technology brings happiness".

Even though experts are often wrong, those who disagree with the experts are almost certainly wrong.

Argument from authority

Or, it is wrong because it could slide towards something that is wrong. For example, this debate: It occurs when you form a general rule by examining only a few specific cases which aren't representative of all possible cases.

Suppose, further, that it turns out that the scientist is an employee of a cigarette company. It's a fallacy because it fails to deal with the actual arguments that have been made. This is a great boon for debaters, who can easily find expert opinion on their side of a question, whatever that side is, but it is confusing for those of us listening to debates and trying to form an opinion.

I saw him bidding on things at the high school auction fundraiser. When they are not agreed, no opinion can be regarded as certain by a non-expert. Russell immediately replied, "Add 1 to both sides of the equation: However, suppose that a doctor were to recommend an expensive medical test at a laboratory which he or she owns.

For example, suppose it was announced that "Over the holiday weekend, students do not need to be in the dorms by midnight". Therefore homosexuals cannot be allowed to hold government office.NSC, National Security Council Paper NSC (entitled “United States Objectives and Programs for National Security” and frequently referred to as NSC) was a Top-Secret report completed by the U.S.

The Argument from Authority

Department of State’s Policy Planning Staff on April 7, Argumentum Consensus Gentium. See Appeal to Traditional Wisdom. Availability Heuristic. We have an unfortunate instinct to base an important decision on an easily recalled, dramatic example, even though we know the example is atypical.

Ad Hominem (Argument To The Man): attacking the person instead of attacking his argument. For example, "Von Daniken's books about ancient astronauts.

Appeal to Misleading Authority. Alias: Appeal to Authority 1; Argument from Authority 2; Argumentum ad Verecundiam 3; Ipse Dixit 4. Taxonomy: Logical Fallacy > Informal Fallacy > Red Herring > Genetic Fallacy > Appeal to Misleading Authority 5 Subfallacy: Appeal to Celebrity History: This fallacy seems to have originated with philosopher John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

Name-dropping is the practice of naming or alluding to important people and institutions within a conversation, story, song, online identity, or other communication.


The term often connotes an attempt to impress others; it is usually regarded negatively, and under certain circumstances may constitute a breach of professional ethics. When used as part of a logical argument it can be an example. Co-authored by Gabriel Weinberg who is the CEO of DuckDuckGo and an advisor to The School of Thought.

You can see a brilliant Medium post he wrote on this subject here.

Argument by authority
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